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What is the pelvic floor?

The pelvic floor is a group of muscles that attach to the bones of the pelvis and act like a sling for the organs in the pelvis. The muscles also wrap around the urethra, rectum and vagina.

The muscles of the pelvic floor need to be able to contract and relax appropriately in order to prevent incontinence, allow for ease of going to the toilet, allow sexual penetration and support the lower back.

The pelvic floor can be underactive or overactive. This means that both can cause issues.

An underactive pelvic floor can be caused by a number of things. Some of the more common causes are childbirth, age, persistent coughing and straining, chronic constipation, and constant heavy lifting.

An overactive pelvic floor also has a number of causes. The most common causes are stress and anxiety, over exercising – whether overdoing abdominal workouts or constantly working your pelvic floor muscles, an overactive bladder, and poor posture.

If you would like to book an appointment with our Pelvic Floor Physiotherapist, please contact us.

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